In this paper, a 2-D noncausal Markov model is proposed for passive digital image-splicing detection. Different from the traditional Markov model, the proposed approach models an image as a 2-D noncausal signal and captures the underlying dependencies between the current node and its neighbors.
The model parameters are treated as the discriminative features to differentiate the spliced images from the natural ones. We apply the model in the block discrete cosine transformation domain and the discrete Meyer wavelet transform domain, and the cross-domain features are treated as the final discriminative features for classification.
The support vector machine which is the most popular classifier used in the image-splicing detection is exploited in our paper for classification. To evaluate the performance of the proposed method, all the experiments are conducted on public image-splicing detection evaluation data sets, and the experimental results have shown that the proposed approach outperforms some state-of-the-art methods.
Authors: Xudong Zhao | Shilin Wang | Shenghong Li | Jianhua Li